As an aeronautics school, we think it is important
that our students leave our facility feeling knowledgeable and ready to launch
their career in aircraft dispatching. Although not everyone will become our
students, we still like to share our knowledge of the aviation world. So,
whether you are serious about getting your aircraft dispatcher license or
you are simple curious about aviation in general, we have some aeronautical
terms that you should be aware of.

cockpit of plane from behind seats

Common Aviation Terms

Lift
Lift is the force that is responsible for an aircraft’s ability to fly. This
force is in opposition to the plane’s weight and is created mostly from the
wings.

Crosswind
This wind blows in a direction that is not parallel to the plane’s course.

Yoke– The
yoke is simply the control wheel of a fixed-wing aircraft. Pilots use the yoke
to control the plane’s altitude.

Drag– Drag
is the force acting on an aircraft when it is flying that run in the opposite
direction of the aircraft’s path but is still parallel. The aerodynamic design
of an aircraft is meant to reduce drag.

Thrust
Thrust is created by the aircraft’s engine, and it is what allows an aircraft
to fly through the air. The thrust is used to overcome drag.

Available
Seat Miles (ASMs) / Available Seat Kilometers (ASK)
– This aeronautical
term refers to a measure of the available passenger capacity of a flight. You
can calculate this number by multiplying the seats available on the plane for
non-crew members by the miles or kilometers flown.

Belly-
The belly is the underpart of an airplane that is responsible for holding the
cargo like your checked suitcase.

Sinking
Speed
– This aviation term is the rate at which an aircraft is descending or
losing altitude. The rate is measure as feet per second.

Commuter
Aircraft
– A commuter aircraft is a plane that has been approved to carry
passengers on five or more trips a week.

Pitch &
Pitch Axis
– One of three axes, the pitch axis is an aviation word that
refers to the lateral axis from wing to wing, and the pitch is a measure of how
high the nose of the plane is pointing up or down.

Roll &
Roll Axis
– Another axis of the aircraft, the roll refers to the motion of
the plane in comparison to the roll axis or the imaginary line from the nose to
the tail.

Yaw &
Yaw Axis
– The final axis of the plane, the yaw refers to the side-to-side
motion of the plane in relation to the vertical yaw axis.

Fuselage
This aviation word is one of the main
components of an aircraft
. It refers to the body of the aircraft that
includes the area that holds the crew, passengers, and cargo.

Controlled
Airspace
– You have probably heard this aviation word before. It is
concerning a determined area of the air that the ATC controls. There are
different classes of controlled airspace.

If you find this list interesting, you may want to
look into aircraft dispatcher schools to get your flight
dispatcher license. At Sheffield School of Aeronautics, we are always excited
to take on new students.

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